UPM Institutional Repository

Effect of sub-critical water hydrolysis on sugar recovery from bakery leftovers


Mohd Thani, Nurfatimah and Mustapa Kamal, Siti Mazlina and Taip, Farah Saleena and Sulaiman, Alifdalino and Omar, Rozita (2019) Effect of sub-critical water hydrolysis on sugar recovery from bakery leftovers. Food and Bioproducts Processing, 117. pp. 105-112. ISSN 0960-3085


Croissant and doughnuts are among the bakery products that are discarded daily. The main constituent of these leftovers is the starch that originates from the main ingredient, wheat flour. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of sub-critical water treatment on starch hydrolysis for the recovery of sugar. Experiments were conducted using a batch-type sub-critical water reactor at temperatures ranging from 100 to 374 °C for 1–30 min with a solid loading of 10–90% w/v. The sugar obtained from both samples increased with an increase in temperature between 100 and 200 °C after 1–10 min treatment time. Further increasing the temperature (220–374 °C) and time (15–30 min) resulted in a decrease in the total sugar yield, indicating that the sugars were degraded into other products. Contrary, increasing the solid loading (10–75% w/v) decreased the total sugar yield (421.58 ± 0.95 to 21.26 ± 0.08 mg/g substrate for croissants and 409.26 ± 0.95 to 13.21 ± 0.06 mg/g substrate for doughnuts). The process conditions at 200 °C, 10 min, and 10% w/v solid loading, yielded the highest total carbohydrate contents for leftover croissant and doughnuts, 421.58 ± 0.95 and 409.26 ± 0.95 mg/g substrate, respectively. The starch was hydrolysed, forming fructose and glucose, and the amount of fructose was higher than that of glucose in all samples. The highest fructose and glucose were obtained from the leftover croissants: 4.74 ± 0.12 and 3.76 ± 0.41 mg/g substrate, respectively. This study shows that sub-critical water treatment can be used as a green technology to recover sugar from bakery leftovers.

Download File

[img] Text
Effect of sub-critical water hydrolysis on sugar recovery from bakery leftovers.pdf

Download (64kB)

Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fbp.2019.07.002
Publisher: Elsevier
Keywords: Bakery leftovers; Croissants; Doughnuts; Sub-critical water treatment; Sugar; Fructose; Glucose
Depositing User: Nurul Ainie Mokhtar
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2021 21:31
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2021 21:31
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1016/j.fbp.2019.07.002
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/79550
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item