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Diagnostic methods for feline coronavirus: a review


Sharif, Saeed and Arshad, Siti Suri and Bejo, Mohd Hair and Omar, Abdul Rahman and Allaudin, Zeenathul Nazariah and Alazawy, Amer (2010) Diagnostic methods for feline coronavirus: a review. Veterinary Medicine International, 2010. art. no. 809480. pp. 1-7. ISSN 2090-8113; ESSN: 2042-0048


Feline coronaviruses (FCoVs) are found throughout the world. Infection with FCoV can result in a diverse range of signs from clinically inapparent infections to a highly fatal disease called feline infectious peritonitis (FIP). FIP is one of the most serious viral diseases of cats. While there is neither an effective vaccine, nor a curative treatment for FIP, a diagnostic protocol for FCoV would greatly assist in the management and control of the virus. Clinical findings in FIP are non-specific and not helpful in making a differential diagnosis. Haematological and biochemical abnormalities in FIP cases are also non-specific. The currently available serological tests have low specificity and sensitivity for detection of active infection and cross-react with FCoV strains of low pathogenicity, the feline enteric coronaviruses (FECV). Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) has been used to detect FCoV and is rapid and sensitive, but results must be interpreted in the context of clinical findings. At present, a definitive diagnosis of FIP can be established only by histopathological examination of biopsies. This paper describes and compares diagnostic methods for FCoVs and includes a brief account of the virus biology, epidemiology, and pathogenesis.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.4061/2010/809480
Publisher: SAGE-Hindawi Access to Research
Keywords: Feline coronaviruses; Diagnostic methods
Depositing User: Muizzudin Kaspol
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2010 01:50
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2019 03:21
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.4061/2010/809480
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/7722
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