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Metabolic engineered Escherichia coli to enhance polyhydroxyalkanoates production


Mohamed Biran, Nurhajirah and Mohd Yusoff, Mohd Zulkhairi and Maeda, Toshinari and Zakaria @ Mamat, Mohd Rafein and Hassan, Mohd Ali (2015) Metabolic engineered Escherichia coli to enhance polyhydroxyalkanoates production. In: 3rd International Symposium on Applied Engineering and Sciences (SAES2015), 23-24 Nov. 2015, Universiti Putra Malaysia. (p. 136).


Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are linear polyesters produced through fermentation of sugar or lipid. Biosynthesis of PHA consists of three enzymes which are acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase (phaA), acetoacetyl-CoA reductase (phaB) and PHA synthase (phaC). Comamonas sp. is one of the strains commonly used for PHA production. Under growth conditions PHA is synthesized by excess of carbon sources and other essential nutrients. In order to develop higher PHA production from bacterial respond strategy, PHA biosynthesis operon of Comamonas sp. EB172 was introduced into Escherichia coli BW25113 through pGEMT vector. E. coli was chosen due to the complete genome information and the absence of depolymerisation gene, phaZ. The presence of PHA operon in E. coli has yielded PHA about 46% (w/w) with glucose as the carbon source. Therefore, the aim of this study is to improve the PHA production by screening of specific genes related to metabolic pathway of PHA in E. coli. Single gene deletion strains of keio collection harboring PHA biosynthesis operon of Comamonas sp. EB172 were used. Six genes pgi, frdC, fdnG, gltA, pta, and poxB were found to be associated with PHA metabolism activity. Second genes knockouts were introduced in through P1 transduction in order to improve PHA production and E. coli BW25113 frdC gltA::kan was shown an improvement of PHA production 53% compared to the wild type.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences
Publisher: Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia
Keywords: Polyhydroxyalkanoates; Comamonas sp. EB172; E. coli BW25113; Genes knockouts
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2020 06:55
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2020 06:55
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/77170
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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