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Leptospirosis health intervention module effect on knowledge, attitude, belief, and practice among wet market workers in Northeastern Malaysia: an intervention study


Citation

Ab Rahman, Mas Harithulfadhli Agus and Mohd Hairon, Suhaily and Awang Hamat, Rukman and Tengku Jamaluddin, Tengku Zetty Maztura and Shafei, Mohd Nazri and Idris, Norazlin and Osman, Malina and Sukeri, Surianti and A. Wahab, Zainudin and Wan Mohammad, Wan Mohd Zahiruddin and Idris, Zawaha and Daud, Aziah (2018) Leptospirosis health intervention module effect on knowledge, attitude, belief, and practice among wet market workers in Northeastern Malaysia: an intervention study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15 (7). pp. 1-12. ISSN 1661-7827; ESSN: 1660-4601

Abstract / Synopsis

Leptospirosis is an infectious disease which can be prevented by increasing awareness and promoting preventive health behaviours among high risk groups including wet market workers. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of Leptospirosis Health Intervention Program (LHIP) in improving knowledge, attitude, belief and practice towards leptospirosis among wet market workers in Kelantan. This intervention study was conducted in two main wet markets in Kelantan involving 116 participants in each control and intervention groups. The health education intervention was based on Leptospirosis Health Intervention Module. The knowledge, attitude, belief and practice scores were measured before and six weeks after the intervention to examine the effect of the program. The results showed that knowledge (p < 0.001), attitude (p = 0.001), belief (p < 0.001) and practice (p < 0.001) scores changes were significantly higher in the intervention group compared to the control group. The adjusted mean differences were 12.93 (95% CI: 8.47, 17.39) for knowledge, 5.55 (95% CI: 2.28, 8.81) for attitude, 7.21 (95% CI: 3.43, 10.99) for belief and 7.35 (95% CI: 3.64, 11.05) for practice scores. Leptospirosis Health Intervention Program was an effective health educational tools to improve awareness and preventive behaviours among risk groups such as wet market workers.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Science
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15071396
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Keywords: Leptospirosis; Wet market workers; Intervention; Health education
Depositing User: Mr. Sazali Mohamad
Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2019 10:06
Last Modified: 26 Nov 2019 10:06
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=/10.3390/ijerph15071396
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/74833
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