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Investigation of the siliceous hydrogel phase formation in glass-ionomer cement paste


Chee, Wah Loy and Whitten, Andrew E. and Campo, Lilianade and Appadoo, Dominique and Zainuddin, Norhazlin and Matori, Khamirul Amin and Rehm, Christine and Sokolova, Anna and Chunhai, Wang and Qingbo, Xia and Whittle, Thomas A. and Schmid, Siegbert (2018) Investigation of the siliceous hydrogel phase formation in glass-ionomer cement paste. Physica B: Condensed Matter, 551. 287 - 290. ISSN 0921-4526; ESSN: 1873-2135


The microstructure evolution of a complex glass-ionomer cement (GIC) paste over the first 72 h of the cement setting reaction was investigated by small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) and infrared spectroscopy. GIC is a biocompatible material which is clinically used for dental fillings. In this study, GIC pastes were prepared, following the ISO9917-1:2007 cement preparation method, from medical grade poly(acrylic acid), SiO₂–Al₂O₃–P₂O₅–CaO–CaF₂ -based fluoroaluminosilicate glass and H₂O/D₂O solvent. During the setting reaction, polyacrylic acid attacks the fluoroaluminosilicate glass particles to form a siliceous hydrogel phase, glass core and hydrated polyacrylate matrix. The formation of the siliceous hydrogel structure and cross-linking of polyacrylate chains play important roles to harden the GIC. Infrared spectroscopy was used to identify the formation of the hydrogel phase and cross-linkage in GIC paste. In addition this paper reports SANS measurements for GIC pastes at different contrast conditions (H₂O:D₂O ratio) from the Bilby instrument at the Australian Centre for Neutron Scattering, ANSTO, Australia. The SANS data provide microstructure information for the hydrogel phase in GIC paste over the length scale of 10–5000 Å.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Science
Institute of Advanced Technology
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physb.2017.12.018
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Keywords: Small angle neutron scattering; Glass-ionomer cement; Fluoroaluminosilicate glass; Infrared spectroscopy; Setting reaction
Depositing User: Mr. Sazali Mohamad
Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2020 09:04
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2020 07:16
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=/10.1016/j.physb.2017.12.018
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/74739
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