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Influence of place identity and place dependence on resilience towards Boko Haram insurgency among Maiduguri residents in Borno State, Nigeria


Mai Butu, Hauwa and Hashim, Ahmad Hariza and Ahmad, Nobaya (2018) Influence of place identity and place dependence on resilience towards Boko Haram insurgency among Maiduguri residents in Borno State, Nigeria. IOSR Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology, 12 (7). pp. 12-20. ISSN 2319-2399; ESSN: 2319-2402


Generally the importance of a place of residence becomes paramount to its habitants during lose and hard times. The economic viability of a place and self-reference to a place which depends on how individuals appreciate and express themselves in relation to their settings can increase residents’ consciousness of a specific place.It is in this vein that this study aim to examine whether place identity, place dependence, age,gender, length of stay, income and occupation influence sresilience toward Boko Haram insurgency in Maiduguri. Place attachment and resilience theory was used for this study. The study is unique in having investigated place identity, place dependence and other demographic characteristics on the survival of residents been troubled by terrorism. Though other studies have dealt mainly with areas of threat due to natural disasters,this present study,examine a particular neighbourhood that is subject to terrorist attacks for the past 8 years.This paper relies on a cross-sectional data, with a sample size of 383, using convenient sampling technique. The Pearson correlation analysis revealed significant and positive relationship between place identity and place dependence on resilience, while, age and length of stay indicated positive and insignificant.Income on the other hand, shows negative and insignificant relationship with resilience. The results of the Multiple Linear Regression analysis revealed that, place identity and place dependence are significant predictor of resident’s resilience towards Boko Haram insurgent. This is an indication that, in spite of the conflicts and casualties, the residents did not regard their neighborhood as being too hazardous and were holding on to the neighbourhood as a place they are identified with and depend on as a source of their livelihood.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Human Ecology
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.9790/2402-1207011220
Publisher: International Organization of Scientific Research
Keywords: Resilience; Resident’s; Insurgency; Place Identity; Place Dependence; Maiduguri; Borno State
Depositing User: Mr. Sazali Mohamad
Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2020 09:33
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2020 02:02
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psair.upmedu.my&doi= 10.9790/2402-1207011220 17957/IJAB/15.0696
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/74670
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