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Pyrolytic-deoxygenation of triglycerides model compound and non-edibleoil to hydrocarbons over SiO₂-Al2O₃ supported NiO-CaO catalysts


Citation

Mijan, Nurul Asikin and Lee, Hwei Voon and Tengku Azmi, Tengku Sharifah Marliza and Yap, Taufiq Yun Hin (2018) Pyrolytic-deoxygenation of triglycerides model compound and non-edibleoil to hydrocarbons over SiO₂-Al2O₃ supported NiO-CaO catalysts. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 129. 221 - 230. ISSN 0165-2370

Abstract

Catalytic deoxygenation (DO) of triglycerides-based feeds to diesel-like fuel was investigated over NiO-CaO/SiO₂-Al2O₃ and NiO/SiO₂-Al2O₃ catalysts using semi-batch reactor under partial vacuum and inert N₂ flow. The results showed that the bi-functional catalyst exhibited the highest DO activity with product selectivity toward diesel-like fuel n-(C₁₃–C₂₀). The catalytic process appeared to inhibit the occurrence of side reactions via neutralization of the strong acid sites. On the other hand, DO reaction under inert N₂ flow has improved the deoxygenated product, which demonstrate that N₂ flow condition has effectively removed the decarboxylation/decarbonylation gasses (CO₂/CO) from poisoning the catalyst active sites. The high concentration of strong basic-acid sites of the catalyst is the main reason for increased CC cleavage pathway, while milder acidic sites responsible for CO cleavage pathway. High degree of unsaturated fatty acid in the feedstock has affected adversely the DO of triglycerides by accelerating the catalyst deactivation. The N₂ flow condition, degree of unsaturated fatty acid in the feedstocks, acidity and basicity of the catalysts are important factors to improve DO activity as well as product selectivity.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Science
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaap.2017.11.009
Publisher: Elsevier
Keywords: Deoxygenation; CaO; NiO; Silica-alumina; Decarboxylation/decarbonylation; Free fatty acid
Depositing User: Nida Hidayati Ghazali
Date Deposited: 09 May 2020 19:32
Last Modified: 09 May 2020 19:32
Altmetrics: https://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1016/j.jaap.2017.11.009
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/73689
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