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Comparative study of the electrochemical, biomedical, and thermal properties of natural and synthetics nanomaterials


Citation

Abdullah, Luqman Chuah and Abdi, Mahnaz M. and Mohd Azli, Nor Farhana Waheeda and Ghaemi, Ferial and Abbasian, Maryam and Kargarzadeh, Hanieh (2018) Comparative study of the electrochemical, biomedical, and thermal properties of natural and synthetics nanomaterials. Nanoscale Research Letters, 13 (112). pp. 1-8. ISSN 1556-276X; ESSN: 1931-7573

Abstract

In this research, natural nanomaterials including cellulose nanocrystal (CNC), nanofiber cellulose (NFC), and synthetic nanoparticles such as carbon nanofiber (CNF) and carbon nanotube (CNT) with different structures, sizes, and surface areas were produced and analyzed. The most significant contribution of this study is to evaluate and compare these nanomaterials based on the effects of their structures and morphologies on their electrochemical, biomedical, and thermal properties. Based on the obtained results, the natural nanomaterials with low dimension and surface area have zero cytotoxicity effects on the living cells at 12.5 and 3.125 μg/ml concentrations of NFC and CNC, respectively. Meanwhile, synthetic nanomaterials with the high surface area around 15.3–21.1 m2 /g and significant thermal stability (480 °C–600 °C) enhance the output of electrode by creating a higher surface area and decreasing the current flow resistance.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Faculty of Science
Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1186/s11671-018-2508-3
Publisher: Springer
Keywords: Natural and synthetic nanomaterials; Electrochemical properties; Cytotoxicity effect; Thermal stability
Depositing User: Ms. Nuraida Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2020 07:23
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2020 07:23
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1186/s11671-018-2508-3
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/73459
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