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A review: drinking water and wastewater quality assessment in ruminant farms


Abdullah, Faez Firdaus Jesse and Haron, Abd Wahid and Mohd Lila, Mohd Azmi and Salleh, Annas and Wan Johari, Wan Lutfi and Adamu, Lawan and Gopi Naidu, Nagachandra Rao (2018) A review: drinking water and wastewater quality assessment in ruminant farms. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 57 (1). pp. 11-16. ISSN 1110-2047; ESSN: 2536-9520


Water is an essential part in any livestock production and it is more so in ruminant production that is highly water intensive. Water is not only essential as a medium of animal metabolism, but it is also an important cleaning medium. Therefore, it is important that the quality of drinking water is maintained at a certain level so as to lessen the possible adverse effects on the animals. Despite there has being some standards set by the various agencies on the minimal water quality deemed suitable for livestock consumption, they are still vague and this, combined with poor compliance and the water sourcing of dubious sources in ruminant farms makes it hard to regulate the drinking water quality in ruminant farms. This, in turn, might lead to possible adverse effects in livestock production due to water contaminants. At the same time, most ruminant farms in Malaysia do not do proper treatment of their wastewater before releasing them into water bodies such as drains, rivers and lakes which could lead to possible adverse effects to the environment.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Environmental Studies
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.5455/ajvs.291080
Publisher: Faculy of Veterinary Medicine Alexandria University
Keywords: Drinking water; Wastewater; Quality; Livestock
Depositing User: Ms. Nuraida Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2020 20:20
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2020 20:20
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.5455/ajvs.291080
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/72987
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