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Efficiency of Acerophagus papayae on different host stage combinations of papaya mealybug, Paracoccus marginatus


Mastoi, Muhammad Ishaque and Adam, Nur Azura and Muhamad, Rita and Abd Ghani, Idris and Ahmed Gilal, Arfan and Khan, Javed and Bhatti, Abdul Rauf and Zia, Ahmed and Sahito, Jam Ghulam Mustafa (2018) Efficiency of Acerophagus papayae on different host stage combinations of papaya mealybug, Paracoccus marginatus. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 55 (2). 375 - 379. ISSN 0552-9034; ESSN: 2076-0906


Acerophagus papayae is a koinobiont endoparasitoid of the invasive papaya mealybug, Paracoccus marginatus and has been introduced as a classical bio-control agent of the mealybug in many countries. Considering the importance, parasitism efficiency of A. papayae against various life stages of P. marginatus was conducted in choice experiments. Results suggested that A. papayae showed higher parasitism efficiency towards third instar female nymphs and adult female P. marginatus in comparison to second instar male. However, second instar male nymphs were more preferred in comparison to second instar female nymphs. Acerophagus papayae exhibited a highly significant sex-biased development ratio as a female dominant progeny emerged while feeding on female hosts and vice versa. No difference was recorded in the developmental time of male and female A. papayae, however, females matured one day later than males. The only gregarious behaviour of A. papayae was recorded on adult female P. marginatus as more than one adult parassitoid emerged from a single host. Study results suggested that A. papayae has a tremendous potential to be utilized in classical biological control programs against P. marginatus as it showed more preference towards female hosts; hence not only reducing available pest population but also will affect the pest population of next generation.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.21162/PAKJAS/18.5600
Publisher: Pakistan Association of Advancement in Agricultural Sciences
Keywords: Acerophagu spapayae; Papaya; Mealybug; Paracoccus marginatus; Parasitism
Depositing User: Nurul Ainie Mokhtar
Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2020 04:02
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2020 04:02
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.21162/PAKJAS/18.5600
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/72532
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