UPM Institutional Repository

Effects of plant growth regulators on root culture and yeast extract elicitation on metabolite profiles of Polygonum minus


Hassan, Mohd Azhar and Abdul Razak, Mariatulqabtiah and Baharom, Ahmad Hafiz and Md Sah, Muhammad Shafie and A. Rahman, Mohamad Zulkiffely (2018) Effects of plant growth regulators on root culture and yeast extract elicitation on metabolite profiles of Polygonum minus. Sains Malaysiana, 47 (12). 3085 - 3094. ISSN 0126-6039


There are various secondary metabolites that have been identified in Polygonum minus Huds. or kesum plant, but the production is often very low and depending on growth stage. Therefore, elicitation and in vitro techniques have been suggested as an effective way for inducing secondary metabolites production in plant. This study was conducted to determine the optimal conditions for P. minus root formation in vitro and to profile the metabolite content from P. minus root culture with and without elicitor treatment. From the root induction study, it was found that the fresh weight of induced root for nodal explant in MS liquid media supplemented with 0.5 mg/L NAA and shaken had the highest production (0.38±0.08 g) compared to other treatments including the control. The results from metabolite profile showed that the volatile compound of P. minus root produced without any elicitation contained 50.11% aliphatic (27.59% aldehide, 9.17% alkane and 13.35% others) and 19.39% sesquiterpene (β-caryophyllene, α-bergamotene, β-farnesene, α-caryophyllene dan β-curcumene) where the dodecanal compound (22.27%) and β-caryophyllene (8.09%) have the highest percentage value for aliphatic and sesquiterpene group, respectively. Moreover, elicitation of P. minus root culture using yeast extract at 100 mg/L concentration for 1 day demonstrated the ability to increase the production of secondary metabolites in many volatile compounds of kesum in vitro root including the sesquiterpene compounds compared to control treatment and other yeast extract elicitation treatments.

Download File

[img] Text
Effects of plant growth regulators on root culture .pdf

Download (73kB)

Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.17576/jsm-2018-4712-19
Publisher: Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
Keywords: Aliphatic; Elicitation; Polygonum minus; Secondary metabolite; Sesquiterpene
Depositing User: Nurul Ainie Mokhtar
Date Deposited: 20 Oct 2020 09:41
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2020 09:41
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.17576/jsm-2018-4712-19
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/72511
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item