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Drying of Plectranthus amboinicus (lour) spreng leaves by using oven dryer


Mat Fuad, Nurafifah and Abdullah, Luqman Chuah and Mgt Ahmad, Puteri Farah Wahida (2018) Drying of Plectranthus amboinicus (lour) spreng leaves by using oven dryer. Engineering in Agriculture, Environment and Food, 11 (4). 239 - 244. ISSN 1881-8366


Plectranthus amboinicus (lour) Spreng is the herbal species belongs to the family of Lamiaceae. The leaves of this species contain Thymol which is the main bioactive compound that has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antifungal and antioxidant properties. In this study, oven dryer has been chosen due to its easy handling and simple operation. The Plectranthus amboinicus leaves were dried under different temperatures at 50 °C, 60 °C, 70 °C and 80 °C using oven dryer. Drying took place at constant rate and falling rate period. The moisture ratio data were fitted to six thin layer models chosen from literature. Among these models, Midilli and Kucuk model was found to be the best model to represent the drying behaviour of Plectranthus amboinicus leaves due to the highest value of coefficient of determination (R2) and lowest values of root mean square error (RMSE) and reduced Chi-Square(χ2). Besides, the effective diffusivities varied from 1.167×10−10 to 4.451×10−10 m2/s which was within the general range for food material. Ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) was performed to analyse the quality of dried P. amboinicus leaves with ethanol as the solvent using probe sonicator (130 Watts, 20 kHz) with solid to solvent ratio 1:20 for 30 min. From gas chromatography analysis, leaves dried at 70 °C gave the highest concentration of thymol compared to drying at other temperatures.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eaef.2018.08.002
Publisher: Elsevier
Keywords: Plectranthus amboinicus (lour) Spreng; Thymol; Mathematical modeling; Effective moisture diffusivity (Deff); Ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE)
Depositing User: Nurul Ainie Mokhtar
Date Deposited: 08 May 2020 09:26
Last Modified: 08 May 2020 09:26
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi10.1016/j.eaef.2018.08.002
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/72340
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