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An efficient modeling and simulation of differential phase shift-quantum key distribution (DPS-QKD) system using optisystem


Dauda, Mu'azu (2017) An efficient modeling and simulation of differential phase shift-quantum key distribution (DPS-QKD) system using optisystem. Masters thesis, Universiti Putra Malaysia.


Differential phase-shift (DPS) quantum key distribution (QKD) is a unique QKD protocol that is different from traditional ones, featuring simplicity and practicality. In this work, we simulated the DPS-QKD experiment conducted by (Liu et al., 2013), using OptiSystem 7. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first simulation work on DPS-QKD using a single photon source.We used a random number generator to get the phase modulation pattern of N=5, 7,9,11 and 13, while for the 3 and 15 pulse cases, the pattern adopted in the experiment was used. When the number of pulse (N) was 3, a quantum bit error rate (QBER) of 3.0%, which is lower than the minimum QBER of 4.12% required for unconditional security, was obtained. The key creation efficiency increases with the increase in the number of pulse up to 15, as it reaches 93.4% but at the expense of the increment in QBER. The result of our simulation is, on some aspect, in agreement with the experimental result. However, we were able to extend the transmission distance from 3 meter, as in the experiment, to 10 meter. The coincidence count obtained was also in total agreement with the one obtained from the experiment. The result of the average QBER indicated that increase in the pulse number N causes the QBER to raise up due to longer rise and fall time of phase modulation step which affect the MZ inference. Therefore, we suggest using a faster waveform generator with shorter rise and fall times will remarkably lower the QBER. Extending the transmission coverage to a longer distance while, at the same time reducing the QBER with full unconditional security will part of the future research.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subject: Quantum theory
Subject: Computer network protocols
Call Number: FSKTM 2017 13
Divisions: Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology
Depositing User: Editor
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2019 08:51
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2019 08:51
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/71069
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