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Political and security relations between India and Southeast Asia states after the Cold War


AlShawi, Hammam Saad and Adnan, Zatul Himmah and Ku Samsu, Ku Hasnita and Lee, Yok Fee (2019) Political and security relations between India and Southeast Asia states after the Cold War. Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities, 27 (S1). pp. 1-13. ISSN 0128-7702; ESSN: 2231-8534


The political and security relationship between India and Southeast Asia (SEA) has developed beyond the traditional domain after the Cold War era. As the Cold War ended, and new geopolitics were redefined, both parties sought a strategic approach through greater engagement with extra-regional partners. Since 2003, both parties have engaged in various political partnerships with SEA states and a few security challenges collectively. The paper answers the following questions: what is the pattern of this relationship? What kind of mechanism has been adopted by both parties in strengthening their relationship? Is the factor of China imperative enough to 'boost' India's efforts in reinforcing political and security relations with SEA states? Using content analysis, emerging themes from relevant literature by selected scholars in the area of India and SEA states' relations are explored. This paper also reviews several governmental documents and official websites. In general, some scholars agree that the development of the relationship between India and SEA states is important in creating a regional balance with other international actors especially China. This paper aims to examine the growing relations between India and SEA states in the political and security terms since 2003. The paper suggests that the strong political and security relationship between India and SEA states creates an "external balancing strategy" to counter-balance the presence of China in the region. Meanwhile, it also shows that SEA states are turning to India as a counterweight to China and the US in the region.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Human Ecology
Publisher: Universiti Putra Malaysia Press
Notes: A special issue devoted to Towards a Safer World: Addressing the Dynamics of Human Ecological Challenges
Keywords: India-Southeast Asia relations; Maritime security; Political relation; Security cooperation
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 20 Aug 2019 00:45
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2019 00:45
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/70556
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