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Cytotoxic effect of 2,6-bis(4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzylidene) cyclohexanone (BHMC) and curcumin on human liver cancer cells, HepG2


Syed Alwi, Sharifah Sakinah and Zahari, Syazwan and Haron, Aminah Suhaila and Alexander, Henna Roshini (2019) Cytotoxic effect of 2,6-bis(4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzylidene) cyclohexanone (BHMC) and curcumin on human liver cancer cells, HepG2. Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences, 15 (SP2). pp. 44-50. ISSN 1675-8544; ESSN: 2636-9346


Introduction: Curcumin is an active constituent derived from turmeric with a variety of pharmacological activities. It suppressed cell proliferation and induced apoptosis in several cancer cell lines. However, due to its poor bio-availability, derivative analogue of curcumin has been synthesized to enhance the drug-like effects. BHMC was synthesized by removing β-diketone moiety from curcumin structure and modify it into conjugated double bonds. It has been proved to exhibit stronger anticancer effects with improved bioavailability compared to curcumin. Objective: This study aims to investigate the toxicity effect of BHMC and curcumin on human liver cancer, HepG2 and non-cancer mouse fibroblast, 3T3. Methods: Both cell lines were purchased from ATCC and cultured in supplemented DMEM. Cell viability was determined via MTT assay and confirmed with trypan blue assay. Morphology hallmarks of apoptosis of both treated cells were analyzed using inverted microscope at 40X magnifications. Results: BHMC and curcumin were very potent towards HepG2 and normal 3T3. These data were further confirmed with trypan blue assay which showed that both compounds significantly reduced the percentage of HepG2 and 3T3 cells viability. Both treated cells also displayed all the morphology hallmarks of apoptosis upon treatment. Conclusion: BHMC has a greater cytotoxicity effect on HepG2 compared to curcumin despite its non-selective cytotoxicity effect on non-cancer 3T3.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Science
Publisher: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia
Notes: Special issues: Advancement in Biomedical Sciences
Keywords: BHMC; Curcumin; HepG2 cells; 3T3 cells; Apoptosis
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 16 Aug 2019 00:38
Last Modified: 16 Aug 2019 00:38
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/70040
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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