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Mapping the distribution of oil palm using Landsat 8 data by comparing machine learning and non-machine learning algorithms


Shaharum, Nur Shafira Nisa and Mohd Shafri, Helmi Zulhaidi and Wan Ab. Karim Ghani, Wan Azlina and Samsatli, Sheila and Yusuf, Badronnisa (2019) Mapping the distribution of oil palm using Landsat 8 data by comparing machine learning and non-machine learning algorithms. Pertanika Journal of Science & Technology, 27 (S1). pp. 123-135. ISSN 0128-7680; ESSN: 2231-8526


Oil palm is one of the major crops in Malaysia; it accounts for 47% of the global palm oil supply. Equatorial climate has provided Malaysia with the potential to produce oil palm biomass, which is one of the major contributors to the local economy. The utilisation of oil palm biomass as a source of renewable energy is one of the effective methods to promote green energy. Therefore, there is a need to have sufficient data related to oil palm biomass such as yield estimation, oil palm distributions, and locations. The aim of this study was to produce a land cover map on the distribution of oil palm plantations on three districts located in Selangor. Landsat 8 images of resolutions 15 x 15 m were used and classified via machine learning and non-machine learning algorithms. In this study, three different classifier algorithms were compared using support vector machines, artificial neural networks, and maximum likelihood classifications in which the values obtained for overall accuracy were 98.96%, 99.39%, and 15.30% respectively. The output showed that machine learning algorithms, support vector machines and artificial neural networks gave rise to high accuracies. Hence, the mapping of oil palm distributions via machine learning algorithm was better than that via non-machine learning algorithm.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Publisher: Universiti Putra Malaysia Press
Notes: A special issue devoted to Adapting to Challenges
Keywords: Landsat 8; Machine learning; Oil palm; Remote sensing; Support vector machine
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2019 07:16
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2019 07:16
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/69699
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