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Development of non-invasive quantum dots-enzyme based biosensor for uric acid detection


Citation

Azmi, Nur Ellina (2017) Development of non-invasive quantum dots-enzyme based biosensor for uric acid detection. PhD thesis, Universiti Putra Malaysia.

Abstract / Synopsis

Uric acid is the primary end product of purine metabolic pathway which is generated by the enzyme xanthine oxidase. Higher uric acid occurrence in body can lead to some disorders such as gout, arthritis, cardiovascular disease, kidney disease and hyperuricemia. Instead of causing disease at higher concentration, abnormally low uric acid level will also lead to multiple sclerosis. Non-invasive based biosensor provides an alternative method to detect uric acid in human metabolite without drawing blood or puncturing the skin. Non-invasive method allows painless procedure and very useful for people with problems in collecting blood samples such as hemophiliacs, neonates, elderly people, and disabled people. This research focus on the development of non-invasive quantum dots (QDs)-enzyme biosensor for uric acid detection. Two types of biosensor were developed namely CdS QDs/enzymes/sol-gel based biosensor and manganese doped CdS QDs/enzymes/sol-gel based biosensor. The developed biosensor presents a novel and convenient technique using sol-gel encapsulated QDs-enzyme in 96 well plates. The system consists of uricase/horseradish peroxidase (HRP) enzymes and QDs which is used as fluorescence indicator to reveal fluorescence property of the system resulting from enzymatic reaction of uricase/HRP in the presence of uric acid. Upon addition of uric acid to the hybrid uricase/HRP-CdS QDs, it will be oxidized to yield allaintoin, CO2 and H2O2. The produced H2O2 is able to quench the QDs fluorescence intensity which is proportional to the uric acid concentration. The developed biosensor could detect up to 96 samples per assay within 20 minutes with linear concentration range of 0.06–2.00 mM, limit of detection (LOD) of 0.05 mM and 0.03–1.00 mM, limit of detection (LOD) of 0.02 mM for undoped and doped QDs, respectively. Mn doped MPA-CdS biosensor exhibits longer stokes shift hence less noise and interference from foreign substances in uric acid detection compared to undoped biosensor. This observation proved the higher sensitivity was obtained with doped QDs biosensor compared to undoped QDs biosensor. The proposed method also shown its potential for the determination of uric acid concentration in urine samples and provides a promising tool for clinical diagnosis.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Subject: Biosensors
Subject: Medical instruments and apparatus
Subject: Uric acid
Call Number: ITMA 2018 8
Chairman Supervisor: Jaafar Abdullah, PhD
Divisions: Institute of Advanced Technology
Depositing User: Mas Norain Hashim
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2019 09:36
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2019 09:36
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/69509
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