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Fire test and effects of fire retardant on the natural ability of timber: a review


Ali, Sulaiha and Hussain, Siti Aslina and Mohd Tohir, Mohd Zahirasri (2019) Fire test and effects of fire retardant on the natural ability of timber: a review. Pertanika Journal of Science & Technology, 27 (2). pp. 867-895. ISSN 0128-7680; ESSN: 2231-8526

Abstract / Synopsis

Timber is one of the most sustainable and renewable raw materials available. Globally, it has been increasingly used for the manufacture of home and workplace furniture. Timber products are known to have ignition resistance and a low heat release rate. These characteristics delay burning and maintain the structural durability of a product, protecting both the occupants and their properties in a fire. Timber, however, experiences thermal degradation during combustion, yielding smoke, heat, toxic gases, and char when burned. To understand the fire conduct of timber, extensive knowledge in its process of decomposition is essential. This paper, therefore, reviewed the methods of flammability tests widely employed to investigate the reaction of timber and timber-based product to fire, namely cone calorimeter test, room-corner test, limiting oxygen index (LOI) test, furnace test, and single burning item test (SBI). In addition, an overview of the fire retardant treatments; impregnation and coatings was also presented. The potential effects of fire retardants on the durability, strength, hygroscopicity, corrosion, machinability, glueing characteristics, and paintability of the timber were also highlighted.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Publisher: Universiti Putra Malaysia Press
Keywords: Fire retardant; Flammability test; Natural; Timber coatings; Timber combustion; Timber impregnation; Wood combustion; Wood impregnation
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2019 11:00
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2019 11:00
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