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Performance of bentonite, fly ash and wood ash mixtures as grounding enhancement materials


Wan Ahmad, Wan Fatinhamamah and Voon, Yong Jian and Jasni, Jasronita and Ab Kadir, Mohd Zainal Abidin and Gomes, Chandima (2018) Performance of bentonite, fly ash and wood ash mixtures as grounding enhancement materials. In: 2018 IEEE 7th International Conference on Power and Energy (PECon), 3-4 Dec. 2018, Berjaya Times Square Hotel, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. (pp. 203-208).


Grounding system is used to divert the lightning surge current, fault current or electromagnetic interference to earth, mainly for safety purposes. An effective grounding system requires low resistance path which could be achieved by treating the surrounding soil with grounding enhancement materials to effectively reduce its earth resistance. Such grounding enhancement materials could be chemical or natural based, where only natural enhancement materials are considered in this study. Six grounding system installations with various ratio of Bentonite, Fly Ash and Wood Ash mixtures were installed at School of Graduate Studies, UPM, and were compared to a Reference grounding system which is without any natural enhancement material added to the vicinity of the ground conductor. The main aim of this work is to evaluate the performance of the natural enhancement material mixtures as grounding enhancement materials. Fall-of-potential method with 62% rule and 0° separation angle were employed to measure the grounding system installations’ daily earth resistances for comparison purposes, for 130 days, i.e. from 12 th Jan 2018 to 22 nd May 2018. The performance of seven grounding system installations considered in this study in the descending order were Bentonite and Wood Ash mixture, 100% Bentonite, 100% Wood Ash, Bentonite and Fly Ash mixture, Fly Ash and Wood Ash mixture, 100% Fly Ash, and Reference grounding systems, with the earth resistance values for the natural enhancement material mixture grounding systems were 20.17%, 20.61%, 24.17%, 25.48%, 28.96%, and 34.78%, respectively from the earth resistance value of the Reference grounding system on day-0. This clearly shown that Fly Ash may not be suitable to be used as natural enhancement material for grounding system installation. While, Wood Ash would be a new natural enhancement material as its performance is comparable to Bentonite, the widely used material.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1109/PECON.2018.8684104
Publisher: IEEE
Keywords: Grounding system; Natural enhancement material; Bentonite; Fly ash; Wood ash
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 10 May 2019 08:32
Last Modified: 10 May 2019 08:32
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1109/PECON.2018.8684104
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/68346
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