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Conformational design of minilipase


Baharum, Hafidza (2013) Conformational design of minilipase. Masters thesis, Universiti Putra Malaysia.


Protein of small size, mini protein, containing 30 to 80 amino acid residues are particularly attractive scaffold for protein design. They possess a great potential in overcoming difficulties associated with synthesis, or unfavorable physical properties. Therefore, a small zinc binding domain of T1 lipase was used as scaffold protein for grafting functional motifs coupled with disulphide bonds to form a stable miniprotein. Several constructs of increasing solubility were made by substituting charged and hydrophilic amino acids to the engineered scaffold. From the predicted structure, this newly designed miniprotein contains two short α-helix connected by loops. Several substrates with different carbon length were used to recognize (docking) the interaction between ligand and receptor where acetate, butyrate and caprylate fitted perfectly within the binding pocket of the ligand. Applying molecular approach the optimized sequenced was synthesized and cloned in the pET32b vector. The minilipase was purified 4.97-fold with 78.4% yield using affinity chromatography and the molecular weight of minilipase was determined to be 17 kDa by SDS-PAGE. The minilipase exhibited maximum activity at 35⁰C and was stable at temperature below 50⁰C. This mini protein favored substrates containing short (pNP acetate, C2) and medium (pNP butyrate C4, pNP caprylate C8, pNP decanoate C10) carbon chain of acyl group, which correlated with docking result. The kinetic assay of minilipase for pNP-butyrate produced Km of 0.3 mM and Vmax 0.9 μmole/min/mL indicated the high binding affinity than T1 lipase on the same substrate. The lipolytic activity of purified lipase was slightly increased with 105.72% by the addition of 0.1% SDS, while Tween 60 and Tween 80 were the most effective inhibitors against the minilipase. Interestingly, the minilipase activities were increased by 130% and 115% in the presence of 1 mM Mg2+ and Mn2+, respectively. However when Ca2+ concentration was increased from 1 mM to 10 mM, the activity of purified minilipase was completely inhibited. Based on the finding of the present study, the designed minilipase has potential as an alkaline lipase and a candidate for industrial and pharmaceutical applications.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subject: Protein engineering
Subject: Proteins - Chemistry
Subject: Protein Conformation
Call Number: IB 2013 26
Chairman Supervisor: Adam Leow Thean Chor, PhD
Divisions: Institute of Bioscience
Depositing User: Mas Norain Hashim
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2019 08:32
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2019 08:32
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/67608
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