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Heavy metals concentrations in stormwater and tilapia fish (Oreochromis niloticus) in Kuala Lumpur holding and storage SMART ponds


Alrabie, Nabeel Abdullah and Mohamat Yusuff, Ferdius @ Ferdaus and Hashim, Rohasliney and Zulkeflee, Zufarzaana and Arshad, Aziz and Azmai, Mohammad Noor Amal (2019) Heavy metals concentrations in stormwater and tilapia fish (Oreochromis niloticus) in Kuala Lumpur holding and storage SMART ponds. Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, 42 (1). pp. 225-236. ISSN 1511-3701; ESSN: 2231-8542


The issue of heavy metal contamination in urban stormwater has become a major concern for environmental pollution control agencies worldwide due to toxic effects on aquatic organisms and human health. The aim of this study is to determine the levels of heavy metals (Pb, Cd, Cu, Cr and Zn) in surface stormwater and tilapia fish (Oreochromis niloticus) obtained from holding and storage ponds of the Stormwater Management and Road Tunnel (SMART) Project in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Results have indicated that the concentrations of all heavy metals in stormwater were lower than the recommended water quality criteria established by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA). On the other hand, the concentrations of Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn detected in fish were below threshold values suggested by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and Malaysian Food Regulations (MFR) standards. Only Cr was much higher than FAO limits for fish consumption. Additionally, the content of Cr, Pb and Zn was higher in fish samples collected from holding pond compared to those in storage pond. As the study reflects that Cr in tilapia fish from SMART ponds is of a high concentration, certain harmful effects on human health may result. Accordingly, the research recommends avoiding fishing from ponds, as they accumulate a significant amount of waste consumed by the fish.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture
Faculty of Environmental Studies
Faculty of Science
Publisher: Universiti Putra Malaysia Press
Keywords: Heavy metals; Oreochromis niloticus; SMART ponds; Stormwater ponds; Tilapia fish
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2019 08:23
Last Modified: 08 Apr 2019 08:23
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/67334
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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