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Dielectric based measurement system for the determination of watermelon internal quality


Sairi, Masniza and Suhaime, Noradira and Abbas, Zulkifly and Mohamed Nafis, Nur Biha and Othman, Zaulia and Mhd Adnan, Amir Syariffuddeen and Shamsulkamal, Amir Redzuan (2018) Dielectric based measurement system for the determination of watermelon internal quality. In: National Conference on Agricultural and Food Mechanization 2018 (NCAFM 2018), 17-19 Apr. 2018, Pullman Kuching, Sarawak. (pp. 254-257).


A dielectric based measurement system was used in the determination of watermelon internal quality, focusing on maturity stage. This technique is based on microwave reflection measurement at watermelon surface using an open-ended coaxial probe with a microwave network analyzer operating in the frequency range from 1.0 to 8.5 GHz. The dielectric and physicochemical properties were measured during the fruit maturity stage from week 6 to 10. The effects of frequency and moisture content on the values of permittivity (dielectric constant, ɛ’ and dielectric loss, ɛ”) were investigated. Mass, volume and SSC values increased, while moisture content and density values decreased with maturity stage (time). Permittivity values decreased with maturity stage, in agreement with theory in which permittivity of moist materials is a function of moisture content, density and frequency. In addition, the dielectric constant at all maturity stages decreased with the increasing frequency suggesting watermelon ɛ’ followed the profile of water ɛ’. The dielectric loss decreased with frequency then increased slightly as frequency approached 8.5 GHz. The turning, known as critical frequency separates the bound and free water molecules. This technique showed potential to determine moisture content, then maturity stage from its dielectric properties.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Divisions: Faculty of Science
Publisher: Penerbit MARDI
Keywords: Open-ended coaxial probe; Microwave network analyzer; Permittivity; Moisture content; Frequency; Maturity stage
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2019 05:29
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2019 05:29
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/66913
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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