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Fermentation of red dragon fruit (Hylocereus polyrhizus) for betalains concentration


Citation

Choo, Kah Yee and Kho, Caryn and Ong, Yien Yien and Thoo, Yin Yin and Lim, Lay Hong and Tan, Chin Ping and Ho, Chun Wai (2018) Fermentation of red dragon fruit (Hylocereus polyrhizus) for betalains concentration. International Food Research Journal, 25 (6). pp. 2539-2546. ISSN 1985-4668; ESSN: 2231-7546

Abstract

Red dragon fruits (RDF) contain high levels of health-promoting betalains but its bioavailability in plasma is low (< 1.0%). Therefore, fermentation technique was adopted to improve the yield of betalains presenting in fermented red dragon fruit drink (FRDFD) via concentration. Fermentation of RDF was carried out with autochthonous strains. The objectives of present study were to evaluate 1) the effects of fermentation duration 2) white refined cane sugar to flesh ratio and 3) types of sugar on betalainic (betanin, isobetanin) and non-betalainic phenolic compounds in FRDFD using HPLC-DAD, total phenolic content (TPC) and total flavonoid content (TFC) assay. Results indicated that all fermentation parameters showed a significant effect (p < 0.05) on the yields of betalainic (betanin, isobetanin) and non-betalainic phenolic compounds in FRDFD. The best fermentation parameters were 7 days fermentation at 10% white refined cane sugar to flesh ratio. The highest concentration of betanin, TPC and TFC achieved were 131.68 g/L, 1136.85 mg GAE/100mL and 10.39 mg CE/100mL respectively. The concentration of betanin obtained through best fermentation parameters (131.68 g/L) in present study has increased nine-fold compared to non-optimized fermentation (14.23 g/L). This indicated that fermentation is a potential economic processing technique to concentrate bioactive compounds present in functional drinks.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Food Science and Technology
Publisher: Faculty of Food Science and Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia
Keywords: Polyphenols; Flavonoids; Fermentation; Bioactive phytochemicals; Beverages
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 12 Feb 2019 07:06
Last Modified: 12 Feb 2019 07:06
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/66325
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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