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Physical and tensile properties of treated/untreated kenaf fiber and pineapple leaf fiber


Kormin, Shaharuddin and Abdan, Khalina and Wahab, Md. Saidin (2015) Physical and tensile properties of treated/untreated kenaf fiber and pineapple leaf fiber. In: INTROP Research Colloquim 2015, 1-2 Dec. 2015, RHR Hotel, Uniten, Putrajaya. .


This paper investigates the effect of alkali treatment on tensile properties of kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus) fiber and pineapple leaf fiber (PALF) for the development of yarn. Basically, to prepare the biocomposite, this project utilized short kenaf fiber as the main material. The fiber was treated with 3%, 6%, 9% and 12% of different sodium hydroxide (NaOH) concentration. The size and morphology of the obtained fibers were characterized by environmental image analyzer, and the studies showed that the treated and untreated fiber had diameter between 70-100 µm. From this study, it has been found that the tensile properties of the treated fibers for both kenaf and PALF have improved significantly as compared to untreated fibers especially at the optimum level of 6% NaOH. It is also interesting to highlight that, 6% NaOH yields the optimum concentration of NaOH for the chemical treatment.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products
Keywords: Hibiscus cannabinus; Pineapple leaf fiber (PALF); Chemical properties; Tensile properties
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2019 04:00
Last Modified: 11 Feb 2019 04:00
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/66180
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