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Oil palm biomass as a resource for sustainable production of cellulose nanofiber


Ariffin, Hidayah and Tengku Yasim Anuar, Tengku Arisyah and Norrrahim, Mohd Nor Faiz and Shirai, Yoshihito and Nishida, Haruo and Ando, Yoshito and Hassan, Mohd Ali (2018) Oil palm biomass as a resource for sustainable production of cellulose nanofiber. In: 2nd International Symposium on Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology (i-SAMN 2018), 15-16 Aug. 2018, The Everly Putrajaya, Malaysia. (pp. 9-10).


In this study, cellulose nanofiber (CNF) was produced from oil palm biomass (OPB) by using a wet disk mill (WDM). It was exhibited that the produced CNF had diameter in the range of 10-30 nm. When blended with low density polyethylene (LDPE) at 3 wt% CNF, the biocomposites resulted in an increment in tensile strength and flexural strength by 55% and 195% as compared to neat LDPE. Despite of the CNF ability to improve mechanical properties of the biocomposites, the CNF production suffers in term of high energy requirement due to the intense mechanical processing. Herewith, it is suggested that a sustainable production of CNF from OPB can be achieved by coupling the process with palm oil processing which is currently generating excess steam energy equivalent to 3.64 GW h/y, to create an overall palm oil mill biorefinery which includes material production.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences
Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products
Keywords: Cellulose nanofiber; Oil palm biomass; Biorefinery; Biocomposites; Palm oil mill
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2018 02:27
Last Modified: 08 Oct 2018 02:27
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/65397
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