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The ageing population and implication to product design


Mohd Yusuff, Rosnah and Syed Abdul Rashid, Sharifah Norazizan (2005) The ageing population and implication to product design. In: 35th International Conference on Computers and Industrial Engineering, 19-22 June 2005, Istanbul, Turkey. (pp. 2215-2220).


Data from the World Health Organization (WHO) showed that the total number of people aged 65 and older is expected to increase from 300 million to 540 million in 1990 to 2015, and by the year 2025 to 1.2 billion. Progressive ageing of the human population constitutes a serious challenge for the contemporary civilization. Old age is becoming one of the most urgent social problems that must be solved for human and economic reasons. It is estimated that by the year 2020, a fifth to a quarter of the developed world population will be over 65 years old. The trend towards an aging society is also seen in various developing nations. Thus, the aged will comprise a large proportion of the population. As the life expectancy of the population increases, it is imperative that self-sufficiency of the elderly is prolonged. The design of products fit for their use plays an increasingly important role in how they manage their daily activities. Efforts must be made to design products for the elderly that enhances their comfort, safety and increase the likelihood of them remaining independent in their home and community. There is the need to design products taking the functional capabilities and limitations of aged into consideration. Studies have shown that ageing is related to changes in stature and weight. The size and shape of the body also changes as a person gets older. These physiological changes taking place as one aged require that anthropometric dimensions of the elderly be measured. The design of functional space and articles for daily use must comply with physical and functional limitations of the elderly. Appropriate anthropometric data can be used to design for reach, clearance, strength and posture. The mean and standard deviation of the Malaysian elderly female anthropometric data are presented in this paper.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Institute of Gerontology
Keywords: Ageing; Product design; Anthropometry; Demographic change; Physical and functional limitations
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2018 04:03
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2018 04:03
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/64922
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