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Electrospun carboxymethyl sago starch/poly (ethylene oxide) (CMSS/PEO) hydrogel nanofiber


Rosdi, Nurul Husna and Mohd Kanafi, Nafeesa and Abdul Rahman, Norizah (2017) Electrospun carboxymethyl sago starch/poly (ethylene oxide) (CMSS/PEO) hydrogel nanofiber. In: 5th International Symposium on Applied Engineering and Sciences (SAES2017), 14-15 Nov. 2017, Universiti Putra Malaysia. (p. 36).


Sago starch is one of the natural polymers with great values as a polymeric device for various applications due to its potential as biocompatible materials. Producing sago starch nanofibers could enhance the efficiency of sago starch due to its large surface area per volume. Electrospinning is a technique that able to produce micro- to nano-scale fibers, cost effective and applicable to a large variety of materials. In present study, the sago starch was modified into carboxymethyl sago starch (CMSS) prior electrospun into nanofibers to improve properties of the sago starch, such as solubility in cold water. Carboxymethyl sago starch/poly (ethylene oxide) (CMSS/PEO) composite nanofibers were prepared using electrospinning technique with various CMSS/PEO blend solution concentrations from 2.5 to 10.0 w/v%. CMSS/PEO hydrogel films were also prepared and studied for comparison. The SEM results show the increasing of concentration of CMSS/PEO solution mixture, the formation of bead in the nanofibers reduced significantly. It indicates that the incorporation of PEO could reduce the formation of beads of the nanofibers. The electrospun fiber diameter is in the range of 300 nm to 1 μm with random orientation. The CMSS/PEO hydrogel nanofibers were successfully prepared by crosslinked using a non-toxic and natural component, citric acid. The crosslinking reaction was optimized by varying the ratio of PEO to CMS percentage of citric acid (w/w), crosslinking temperature and crosslinking period to get the highest swelling ratio of the hydrogel nanofiber. The optimized swelling ratio of CMSS/PEO hydrogel for each parameter varied from 9.442 to 5.649. The CMSS/PEO hydrogels was evaluated for the possible use in drug delivery systems. In this respect, the release properties of methylene blue (MB) indicator, as a drug model, was investigated.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Divisions: Faculty of Science
Keywords: Carboxymethyl sago starch; Nanofiber; Hydrogel nanofiber; Poly(ethylene oxide); Methylene blue
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 05 Jul 2018 09:31
Last Modified: 05 Jul 2018 09:31
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/64426
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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