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Coal bottom ash for palm oil mill effluent (POME) decolourization


Mohammad Saleh, Syahin and Wan Ab. Karim Ghani, Wan Azlina and Loh, Soh Kheang (2017) Coal bottom ash for palm oil mill effluent (POME) decolourization. In: 5th International Symposium on Applied Engineering and Sciences (SAES2017), 14-15 Nov. 2017, Universiti Putra Malaysia. (p. 2).


The utilization of coal bottom ash (CBA) from thermal power plant for palm oil mill effluent (POME) decolourization was studied. CBA is prepared using chemical activation with hydrochloric acid (HCl) to increase adsorption performance. Physico-chemical characterizations of CBA-HCl was analysed using BET for surface area, FTIR for its surface chemistry, SEM for morphology and EDX for elemental analysis. The effectiveness of CBA-HCl for colour adsorption of POME was investigated as a function of pH, initial concentration, adsorbent dosage and contact time by batch experiments. Adsorption increased with increasing contact time and the equilibrium states could be achieved in range of 18 to 24 hr. Results showed that CBA-HCl perform with maximum colour removal of 93% at pH 6 with 10% (w/v) adsorbent dosage in 24 hr. It was shown that the isotherm for adsorption of colour from POME on CBA-HCl was well fitted by Freundlich equation (correlation coefficient, R2 = 0.9636). Based on the results, CBA showed potential adsorbent candidate for POME decolourization.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Keywords: POME; Decolourization; Colour; Removal; Adsorption; Bottom ash
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 05 Jul 2018 09:25
Last Modified: 05 Jul 2018 09:25
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/64395
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