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Abiotic stresses induce total phenolic, total flavonoid and antioxidant properties in Malaysian indigenous microalgae and cyanobacterium


Citation

Azim, Nur Husna and Subki, Atiqah and Balia Yusof, Zetty Norhana (2018) Abiotic stresses induce total phenolic, total flavonoid and antioxidant properties in Malaysian indigenous microalgae and cyanobacterium. Malaysian Journal of Microbiology, 14 (1). pp. 25-33. ISSN 1823-8262; ESSN: 2231-7538

Abstract / Synopsis

Aims: The use of microalgae as source of natural antioxidants is under explored in Malaysia. Previous studies have shown that microalgae contain minerals, polysaccharides, amino derivatives, carotenoids and phenolic compounds. This study aimed to determine total phenolic and flavonoid compounds and antioxidant activity when microalgae (Nannochloropsis oculata and Tetraselmis sp.) and cyanobacterium (Anabaena sp.) were subjected to abiotic stresses. Methodology and results: Treatment of sodium chloride (NaCI), sodium hypochlorite (NaOCI) and copper (Cu2+) were given when the cultures reached the exponential phase of growth and were collected at three different time points. Nontreated cultures were used as controls. Total phenolic and flavonoid contents were determined using Folin-Ciocalteau phenol reagent and aluminium chloride colorimetric assays. Antioxidant activities were measured using 2,2-diphenyl-1- picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging activity assay. Tetraselmis sp. exhibited the highest phenolic content under copper stress (10.35 ± 0.33 µg GAE/mg extract). Nannochloropsis oculata showed the highest total flavonoid content under copper stress (33.85±3.16 µg QE/mg extract). Anabaena sp. showed the highest radical scavenging activity under NaOCI stress (96.42 ± 0.26%). Conclusion, significance and impact of study: This study showed that total phenolic, flavonoid and antioxidant activities in treated cultures were high compared to non-treated cultures. These microorganisms could be utilized as a source of useful bioactive compounds while exploiting its abundance.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences
Institute of Bioscience
Publisher: Malaysian Society for Microbiology
Keywords: Microalgae; Cyanobacteria; Antioxidant; Stress
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2018 08:25
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2018 08:25
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/63944
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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