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Urbanization and carbon dioxide emissions in Singapore: evidence from the ARDL approach


Ali, Hamisu Sadi and Abdul-Rahim, A. S. and Ribadu, Mohammed Bashir (2017) Urbanization and carbon dioxide emissions in Singapore: evidence from the ARDL approach. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 24 (2). 1967 - 1974. ISSN 0944-1344; ESSN: 1614-7499


The main aim of this article is to examine empirically the impact of urbanization on carbon dioxide emissions in Singapore from 1970 to 2015. The autoregressive distributed lags (ARDL) approach is applied within the analysis. The main finding reveals a negative and significant impact of urbanization on carbon emissions in Singapore, which means that urban development in Singapore is not a barrier to the improvement of environmental quality. Thus, urbanization enhances environmental quality by reducing carbon emissions in the sample country. The result also highlighted that economic growth has a positive and significant impact on carbon emissions, which suggests that economic growth reduces environmental quality through its direct effect of increasing carbon emissions in the country. Despite the high level of urbanization in Singapore, which shows that 100 % of the populace is living in the urban center, it does not lead to more environmental degradation. Hence, urbanization will not be considered an obstacle when initiating policies that will be used to reduce environmental degradation in the country. Policy makers should consider the country’s level of economic growth instead of urbanization when formulating policies to reduce environmental degradation, due to its direct impact on increasing carbon dioxide emissions.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology
Faculty of Economics and Management
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-016-7935-z
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Keywords: Carbon emissions; Economic growth; Singapore; Trade openness; Urbanization
Depositing User: Mohd Hafiz Che Mahasan
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2018 08:52
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2018 08:52
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1007/s11356-016-7935-z
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/63646
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