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Hydrogen sensors based on 2D WO3 nanosheets prepared by anodization


Rahmani, Mohammad Bagher and Yaacob, Mohd Hanif and Mohammad Sabri, Ylias (2017) Hydrogen sensors based on 2D WO3 nanosheets prepared by anodization. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 251. 57 - 64. ISSN 0925-4005; ESSN: 1873-3077


Two dimensional tungsten trioxide (WO3) films made of nanosheets were prepared using high temperature anodization of tungsten (W) thin films. The W thin films were deposited by R.F. magnetron sputtering onto quartz substrates and then anodized at 50 °C in an aqueous solution containing 1.5 M HNO3. The structural and morphological properties of the prepared films were fully characterized prior to employing them for hydrogen gas sensing application. The hydrogen gas sensing performance of WO3 thin films was investigated at different temperatures through the measurement of conductance changes upon gas exposure. Hydrogen gas exposure resulted in the intercalation and subsequent reduction of WO3 sheets, changing the charge carrier concentration and hence the conductivity of the films. The fabricated sensors were found to exhibit excellent sensitivity and repeatability when they were exposed to hydrogen gas while using air as the carrier gas. The effects of different operating temperatures on the sensitivity of the devices were studied in the range of 20–250 °C. The dynamic response of the 2D WO3 nanosheets based sensors at different operating temperatures are presented and discussed.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2017.05.029
Publisher: Elsevier
Keywords: Hydrogen; 2D nanostructures; Gas sensing; Anodization; Tungsten trioxide; Surface properties
Depositing User: Nurul Ainie Mokhtar
Date Deposited: 21 Mar 2019 07:14
Last Modified: 21 Mar 2019 07:14
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1016/j.snb.2017.05.029
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/62060
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