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Factors affecting local leaders’ perception on the adaptation ability of Malaysian small scale fishermen towards climate change


Man, Norsida and Sahharudin, Nor Farhana and Abu Samah, Asnarulkhadi and Mohamed Shaffril, Hayrol Azril (2017) Factors affecting local leaders’ perception on the adaptation ability of Malaysian small scale fishermen towards climate change. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 7 (4). 518 - 526. ISSN 2222-6990


Background: Early Childhood Caries (ECC) refers to rampant dental caries in pre-school children. It can affect the child both physically and psychologically. Many factors can affect knowledge and attitude of mothers regarding preventing ECC. The objective is to study the knowledge and attitude of the associated factors of ECC of Arabic mothers of preschool and primary school children in Arabic schools that are registered in the Ministry of Education in Klang Valley in Malaysia. Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among 518 Arabic children’s mothers using validated and reliable questionnaire. Simple random technique was used. Data was analysed by using Chi-square and logistic regression. Result: Level of good knowledge on ECC was 49.1% and positive attitude level was 46.6%. The predictors of good knowledge on ECC were respondents with > 4 children (AOR=3.386; 95% CI: 1.779-6.447), have no fears originating from community believes (AOR=1.575; 95% CI: 1.000-2.480), have no fears of extraction (AOR=2.845; 95% CI: 1.443-5.608), and brush twice daily (AOR=1.989; 95% CI: 1.266-3.126). Predictors of positive attitude were respondents with post graduate level (AOR=2.024; 95% CI: 1.287-3.184), attended education program (AOR=2.444; 95% CI: 1.325- 4.506), and have good knowledge level (AOR=2.479; 95% CI: 1.600-3.843). No fears originating from community believe was a protective factor (AOR=0.575; 95% CI: 0.369-0.896). Conclusion: Preventive programs should target vulnerable mothers who are 35 years old or less, have bachelor degree or less, have four children or less, haven’t attended any infant oral health education program and have dental fears.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Agriculture
Faculty of Human Ecology
Institute for Social Science Studies
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.6007/IJARBSS/v7-i4/2825
Publisher: Human Resource Management Academic Research Society
Keywords: Local leaders; Small scale fishermen; Adaptation; Community development
Depositing User: Nurul Ainie Mokhtar
Date Deposited: 20 Feb 2019 08:06
Last Modified: 20 Feb 2019 08:06
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.6007/IJARBSS/v7-i4/2825
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/61845
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