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Comparative study on chemical composition, physical, tensile and thermal properties of sugar palm fiber (Arenga pinnata) obtained from different geographical locations


Citation

Mohd Roslim, Muhammad Huzaifah and Salit, Mohd Sapuan and Leman, Zulkiflle and Ishak, Mohamad Ridzwan (2017) Comparative study on chemical composition, physical, tensile and thermal properties of sugar palm fiber (Arenga pinnata) obtained from different geographical locations. BioResources, 12 (4). pp. 9366-9382. ISSN 1930-2126

Abstract

Physical, mechanical, chemical, and thermal properties of sugar palm (Arenga pinnata) fiber were investigated for specimens obtained from three different locations: Kuala Jempol (Peninsular Malaysia), Tawau (West Malaysia), and Tasik Malaya (Indonesia). The morphology of the fiber were observed through scanning electron microscopy (SEM), the thermal properties by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), tensile properties according to ASTM D3379, and chemical analysis by using neutral detergent fiber (NDF) and acid detergent fiber (ADF). This study confirmed that in sugar palm fiber, the highest chemical content of cellulose resulted in the highest strength and thermal stability of the fiber. Fiber originating from Kuala Jempol had the highest cellulose content of 44.53%, followed by Indonesia (44.47%) and Tawau (43.75%). Kuala Jempol fiber (233.28 MPa) also had the highest tensile strength, followed by Indonesia (211.03 MPa) and Tawau (201.30 MPa), which was affected by the cellulose content in the fiber. Thus, fiber originating from Kuala Jempol had better quality than the others as a reinforcement material in manufacturing of polymer composites.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products
Publisher: North Carolina State University
Keywords: Sugar palm fiber; Physical properties; Mechanical properties; Chemical properties; Thermal properties
Depositing User: Nida Hidayati Ghazali
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2018 03:09
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2019 10:42
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/61168
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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