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The effects of three different background music on verbal and spatial task performance in learning


Citation

Abdul Jalil, Amalina Ulya and Buang, Norazirah and Naseri, Sousan and Ma'rof, Aini Marina (2016) The effects of three different background music on verbal and spatial task performance in learning. In: Graduate Research in Education (GREDuc) 2016 Seminar, 17 Dec. 2016, Faculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia. (pp. 231-237).

Abstract / Synopsis

The objective of this preliminary experimental study is to investigate the effects of three different backgrounds of music: instrumental, vocal and silence on verbal and spatial task performance in learning. The study samples were from postgraduate students of a public research university in Malaysia which consisted of 36 students. Data was analyzed using IBM Statistics in which independent sample t-tests and two-way analysis variance (ANOVA) were conducted. The t-tests show that there are significance differences between instrumental condition (t = 2.06, p = 0.018), vocal condition (t = 1.101, p = 0.172) and silent condition (t = 2.712, p = 0.022) on the verbal and spatial task performance. Two-way ANOVA music within group Greenhouse-Geisser was reported in the significant level (p<0.05). The findings provide information that music – when listened to in an appropriate form – can actually help students to perform better in their learning.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: Faculty of Educational Studies
Publisher: Faculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia
Keywords: Background music; Verbal task performance; Spatial task performance; Learning
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 18 May 2018 08:45
Last Modified: 18 May 2018 08:45
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/60173
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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