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Characterization of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch (OPEFB) Fiber Reinforced PVC/ENR Blend


Citation

Ratnam, Chantara Thevy and Raju, Gunasunderi and Ibrahim, Nor Azowa and Ab Rahman, Mohamad Zaki and Wan Yunus, Wan Md Zin (2008) Characterization of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch (OPEFB) Fiber Reinforced PVC/ENR Blend. Journal of Composite Materials, 42 (20). pp. 2195-2204. ISSN 0021-9983

Abstract / Synopsis

Previous studies on the blends of poly(vinyl chloride), PVC and epoxidized natural rubber, ENR revealed that the two polymers are miscible at all compositional ranges. In this work, the effect of oil palm empty fruit bunch(OPEFB) fiber and poly(methyl acrylate) grafted OPEFB on the thermal and structural properties of PVC/ENR blends were investigated. The composites were prepared by mixing the fiber and the PVC/ENR blend using HAAKE Rheomixer at the rotor speed of 50 rpm, mixing temperature 1508C and mixing period of 20 min.Studies on dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) indicate that the Tg of the PVC/ENR composites shifts to higher temperature with the addition of the OPEFB fiber. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) does not show any significant changes in the thermal stability of the composites. However, Fourier Transform Infra Red (FTIR) spectrometry did not reveal the exact nature of interaction involved in the composites.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Science
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Keywords: PVC/ENR blend composites, grafting, OPEFB fiber, poly(methylacrylate), thermal properties
Depositing User: Najwani Amir Sariffudin
Date Deposited: 06 May 2010 09:17
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2015 01:06
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1177/0021998308094555
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/5963
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