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Antiulcer properties of Kelulut honey against ethanol-induced gastric ulcer


Saiful Yazan, Latifah and Zainal, Nurul Amira and Mohd Ali, Razana and Muhamad Zali, Muhamad Firdaus Shyfiq and Ong, Yong Sze and Tor, Yin Sim and Gopalsamy, Banulata and Voon, Fui Ling and Sapuan, Sarah and Esa, Nurulaidah and Haron, Aminah Suhaila and Zakarial Ansar, Fatin Hannani and Ahmad Mokhtar, Ana Masara and Syed Alwi, Sharifah Sakinah (2018) Antiulcer properties of Kelulut honey against ethanol-induced gastric ulcer. Pertanika Journal of Science & Technology, 26 (1). pp. 121-132. ISSN 0128-7680; ESSN: 2231-8526


Ulcers in the gastrointestinal tract refer to any appreciable depth of break in the mucosa lining that may involve submucosa. Common types of ulcer include peptic, gastric and duodenal ulcer, which may lead to chronic inflammation. Ulcers may be caused by excessive alcohol intake or prolonged use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID), in addition to several other factors. Conventional medication such as Omeprazole (proton pump inhibitor) and Ranitidine (H2 blockers) for management of ulcers may cause severe side effects such as myelosupression and abnormal heart rhythm. This has driven researchers to explore the potential of natural products for management of ulcers with reduced side effects. Kelulut honey (KH) is a type of honey that is produced by stingless bees from the Trigona species. It is believed to have a lot of medicinal properties such as being antimicrobial, antioxidant and antidiabetic. Yet, no scientific study has been carried out on its antiulcer properties. This study was carried out to determine the antiulcer properties of KH. Eighteen male Sprague dawley rats (5 to 6 weeks old, weighing between 200 and 300 g) were divided into three groups (n=6). The groups were 1) normal control group (without ulcer, without KH), 2) positive control group (with ulcer, without KH) and 3) treatment group (with ulcer, treated with KH). The treatment, KH (1183 mg/kg), was given twice daily for 30 consecutive days by oral administration. On Day 31, the rats were induced with absolute ethanol (5 mL/kg) via oral administration after being fasted for 24 h and were sacrificed 15 min after the induction. The stomach was collected for macroscopic and histopathological evaluation. Pretreatment with KH significantly reduced (p<0.05) both the total area of ulcer and the ulcer index compared to the positive control group. The percentage of ulcer inhibition in the KH pre-treated group was 65.56% compared with the positive control group. The treatment, KH, exhibited antiulcer properties against ethanol-induced gastric ulcer.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Science
Institute of Bioscience
Publisher: Universiti Putra Malaysia Press
Keywords: Kelulut honey (KH); Antiulcer; Gastric ulcer
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2018 04:09
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2018 04:09
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/59594
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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