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Bioremediation of petroleum hydrocarbon in Antarctica by microbial species: an overview


Abdul Habib, Nur Muhamad Syahir and Ahmad, Siti Aqlima and Wan Johari, Wan Lutfi and Abd. Shukor, Mohd. Yunus and Yasid, Nur Adeela (2018) Bioremediation of petroleum hydrocarbon in Antarctica by microbial species: an overview. Pertanika Journal of Science & Technology, 26 (1). pp. 1-20. ISSN 0128-7680; ESSN: 2231-8526


The increase of anthropogenic activities and growth of technology in Antarctica is fuelled by the high demand for petroleum hydrocarbons needed for daily activities. Oil and fuel spills that occur during explorations have caused hydrocarbon pollution in this region, prompting concern for the environment by polar communities and the larger world community. Crude oil and petroleum hydrocarbon products contain a wide variety of lethal components with high toxicity and low biodegradability. Hydrocarbon persistence in the Antarctic environment only worsens the issues stemming from environmental pollution as they can be long-term. Numerous efforts to lower the contamination level caused by these pollutants have been conducted mainly in bioremediation, an economical and degrading-wise method. Bioremediation mainly functions on conversion of complex toxic compounds to simpler organic compounds due to the consumption of hydrocarbons by microorganisms as their energy source. This review presents a summary of the collective understanding on bioremediation of petroleum hydrocarbons by microorganisms indigenous to the Antarctic region from past decades to current knowledge.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences
Faculty of Environmental Studies
Publisher: Universiti Putra Malaysia Press
Keywords: Antarctic region; Bioremediation; Fuel spills; Indigenous microorganisms; Petroleum hydrocarbons
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2018 02:17
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2018 02:17
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/59590
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