UPM Institutional Repository

A comprehensive review on Cosmos caudatus (ulam raja): pharmacology, ethnopharmacology, and phytochemistry


Moshawih, Said Faroq Saiyid and Cheema, Manraj Singh and Ahmad, Zuraini and Zakaria, Zainul Amiruddin and Abdullah, Muhammad Nazrul Hakim (2017) A comprehensive review on Cosmos caudatus (ulam raja): pharmacology, ethnopharmacology, and phytochemistry. International Research Journal of Education and Sciences, 1 (1). pp. 14-31. ISSN 2550-2158


Cosmos caudatus or Ulam Raja in Malay originated from Latin America and transferred to Europe, Africa, and tropical Asia. It has been known for many traditional practices worldwide such as to rigidify bones and tone up blood circulation. The aim of this review is to summarize and discuss the association between phytochemical and pharmacological reports of C. caudatus and their traditional uses via ethnopharmacological approaches. Cosmos caudatus is a traditional medicinal plant used widely for culinary and therapeutic purposes. Phytochemical studies indicated the presence of Phenolic acids, flavonoids, tannins, sesquiterpene lactones, carbohydrates, minerals and vitamins in leaves while phenylpropanoids were in roots. Pharmacological data have been compiled for diverse activities for fresh leaves and extracts such as antihypertensive, antihyperlipidemic, antidiabetic, antimicrobial, antioxidant and antiosteoporotic. These activities experimented by in vitro and in vivo studies. Multiple C. caudatus constituents propose many potential actions in different fields such as neuroprotection, antidepression, and gastroprotection.

Download File

Text (Abstract)
A comprehensive review on Cosmos caudatus (ulam raja).pdf

Download (36kB) | Preview

Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Science
Halal Products Research Institute
Sport Academy
Publisher: Malaysia Association of Research and Education for Educators
Keywords: Cosmos caudatus; Ulam raja; Constituent; Phytochemistry; Traditional medicine Asia
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2018 02:26
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2018 02:26
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/59390
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item