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The application of multiple intelligence theory during the inculcation of higher-order thinking skills in History subject


Ramasamy, Sivapakkiam and Abd Rahman, Fadzilah and Abdul Manaf, Umi Kalthom and Said, Rozita @ Radhiah (2017) The application of multiple intelligence theory during the inculcation of higher-order thinking skills in History subject. In: 4th International Conference on Educational Research and Practice (ICERP) 2017, 26-27 July 2017, The Everly Hotel, Putrajaya. (pp. 201-206).


In accordance to the needs and current educational policy, higher-order thinking skills (HOTS) have become the main focus in daily teaching and learning processes. History is regarded as a must-pass subject for the Malaysia Certificate of Education (SPM) since the year 2013. Therefore, the Ministry of Education of Malaysia (MoE) highly recommends teachers teaching History subject to apply various teaching strategies that could attract students’ interest towards learning the subject. One of which is the Multiple Intelligence Theory, proposed by Howard Gardner in 1983. A qualitative study was carried out to identify the types of multiple intelligence applied and the teaching approaches that complement the identified intelligence during the inculcation of HOTS in History subject. The samples involved were three Excellent History Teachers (Guru Cemerlang Sejarah). The data were collected through the process of triangulation, of which teaching and learning process observation, interview, and document analysis. The Data were then analysed and triangulated using the Atlas.ti 7.0 software. The findings showed that all informants applied the verbal-linguistic, interpersonal, and visual-spatial intelligence dominantly during the process of inculcating HOTS in History subject. Excellent History Teachers were also found complementing other teaching approaches such as discussion, questioning, and graphical presentation with the appropriate multiple intelligence in inculcating HOTS among students. This study gives input to History teachers on how to apply the Multiple Intelligence Theory towards inculcating the HOTS in History subject through various teaching strategies.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: Faculty of Educational Studies
Publisher: Faculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia
Keywords: Multiple intelligence; Higher-order thinking skills; Excellent History Teachers; Teaching approaches
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2018 07:49
Last Modified: 19 Feb 2018 07:49
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/58988
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