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Genome mining for production of nutritionally rich palm oil


Citation

Abdullah, Siti Nor Akmar and Babura, Sulaiman Rufai and Kong, Sze Ling and Munusamy, Umaiyal and Marjuni, Marhalil and Amiruddin, Mohd Din (2017) Genome mining for production of nutritionally rich palm oil. In: International Conference on Big Data Applications in Agriculture (ICBAA2017), 5-6 Dec. 2017, Auditorium Putra, TNCPI Building, Universiti Putra Malaysia. (pp. 64-68).

Abstract / Synopsis

The vitamin E in palm oil contains high proportion of tocotrienol (70% tocotrienols and 30% tocopherols) while most other vegetable oils contain only tocopherols. Both tocopherols and tocotrienols are strong chain-breaking antioxidants. The interest in tocotrienols escalated when the other medicinal properties such as neuroprotective, anticancer and cholestrol-lowering were discovered. This report is based on studies carried out on the different vitamin E biosynthetic pathway genes in order to understand their molecular regulatory mechanism in the two important oil palm species, E. guineensis and E. oleifera. The expression profiles of the different genes correlate with oil accumulation period in the fruit mesocarp suggesting the pivotal role of vitamin E in maintaining oxidative stability of the oil. The presence of a set of common regulatory elements in the promoters of these genes indicate that the pathway is coordinately control by endogenous and environmental cues at the transcriptionl level. PCR-based SNP markers for routine screening of the oil palm breeding materials were developed using mismatch primers. Some of the innovative approaches used in our laboratory for functional studies to know the effects of sequence variants on the function of the vitamin E biosynthetic genes are described.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Keynote)
Divisions: Institute of Plantation Studies
Publisher: Institute of Plantation Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia
Keywords: Oil palm; Vitamin E; Homogentisate geranylgeranyl transferase; Genetic variation; SNP markers
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2018 02:04
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2018 02:04
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/58833
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