UPM Institutional Repository

Understanding the reasons for Malaysian youth participation in volunteering activities


Hamzah, Siti Raba'ah and Suandi, Turiman and Arif Shah, Jasmin and Ismail, Ismi Arif and Hamzah, Azimi (2016) Understanding the reasons for Malaysian youth participation in volunteering activities. Athens Journal of Social Sciences, 3 (1). pp. 39-51. ISSN 2241-7737


This paper explores the reasons for Malaysian youth participating in volunteering activities and examines the variables that predict their participation. The subjects used in the study were from the Department of Youth and Sports, Malaysia. A total of 251 respondents, between the ages 15 to 25 (M age = 20.2, SD = 2.7), participated in this study. Using the Social Exchange theory as a framework for this study, three main factors contributing to youth participation in volunteering activities were the perceived benefits from volunteering ("benefits") , the personal needs or fulfilment of the respondents to volunteer ("needs"), and their personal reasons for volunteering ("reasons"). Our findings showed that the "benefits" included learning to shoulder responsibility, broadening interest, fostering relationships, building teamwork spirit, and encouraging socialisation within the community setting. The "need" to volunteer was associated with the desire to unleash leadership potential and improve communication skills. Finally, the "reasons" for volunteering included using leisure time meaningfully, getting new experience, improving confidence and self-esteem, attaining emotional stability, and getting a better understanding of the realities of life. The findings indicated positive relationships between the participation and "benefits", "needs" and "reasons" to volunteer. However, "reason" was the strongest predictor of the youth becoming volunteers.

Download File

PDF (Abstract)
Understanding the reasons for Malaysian youth participation in volunteering activities.pdf

Download (35kB) | Preview
Official URL or Download Paper: http://www.athensjournals.gr/ajss/past/v3i1

Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Educational Studies
Institute for Social Science Studies
Publisher: Social Sciences Division of the Athens Institute for Education and Research
Keywords: Participation; Volunteer activities; Youth
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2018 04:10
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2018 04:10
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/58623
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item