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Improvement of morphological properties of kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) by adding nutrients


Salih, Rabar Fatah and Abdan, Khalina and Wayayok, Aimrun and Hashim, Norhashila (2015) Improvement of morphological properties of kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) by adding nutrients. In: 7th International Conference on Sustainable Agriculture for Food, Energy and Industry in Regional and Global Context (ICSAFEI 2015), 25-27 Aug. 2015, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia. (pp. 1-7).


Kenaf 4383 variety was planted at Taman Pertanian Universiti at Universiti Putra Malaysia. The objective of this study is to investigate the influence of different dosage of potassium, boron and zinc on the fiber morphology of kenaf bast fiber. These fertilizers were also applied two times based on the type of fertilizers and growth stages. The average of the bundle fiber length was by 8.03 cm. It was obtained when potassium, boron and zinc were added at the rate of 150, 1.5 and 5 kg/ha, respectively. Despite, the results of other morphological features of the bast fiber were produced by following maceration method such as: the longest single fiber length was recorded as 2.30 mm when potassium and zinc were added at the rate of 100 and 5 kg/ha, respectively. The biggest single fiber diameter and also the cell wall thickness according to the results of this current study were recorded as 20.60 μm and 6.20 μm, respectively when potassium and boron were applied at the rate of 100 and 1.5 kg/ha, respectively. The combination of boron and zinc at the rate of 1.5 and 5 kg/ha, respectively produced the lumen diameter which was 8.45 μm. Statistical analysis indicates that the mixed between all nutrients as used in this present research is greatly beneficial for improving quality properties of the bast kenaf fiber that is used for varied engineering applications.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products
Keywords: Kenaf bast fiber; Fertilizer application; Morphological properties
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2018 07:45
Last Modified: 04 Jan 2018 07:45
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/58249
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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