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Ultrasonic and thermal properties of borate and phosphate glasses containing bismuth and lead


Abd. Aziz, Sidek and Ahmad, Hamezan and Abdul Wahab, Zaidan and Sulaiman, Zainal Abidin and Talib, Zainal Abidin and Shaari, Abdul Halim and Hassan, Senin (2006) Ultrasonic and thermal properties of borate and phosphate glasses containing bismuth and lead. In: 2nd International Conference on Solid State Science and Technology 2006 (ICSSST 2006), 4-6 Sept. 2006, Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu. (pp. 197-209).


Systematic series of (B2O3,P2O5)‐Bi2O3‐PbO glasses have been successfully prepared by using the rapid quenching technique in which each oxide content changes for every series on the basis of its weight percentage. Their amorphous natures were confirmed earlier by the x‐ray diffraction technique. The experimental results show that the density of both glasses, determined by using the Archimedes principle, increases with the glass modifier content. This is due to the replacement of Bi2O3 and PbO in the borate and phosphate glassy networks. The molar volume for borate glass increases with the addition of bismuth and lead oxides, but a reverse trend occurs for the phosphate glass. The longitudinal and shear ultrasound velocities, determined by the MBS 8000 system, of both lead bismuth borate and phosphate glasses show a decreasing trend as more PbO and Bi2O3 are added to the glass system. The increase in PbO/Bi2O3 content was probably related to the progressive increase in the concentration of non‐bridging oxygen (NBOs). Thermal studies of the glass, using the Labsys DTA‐Setaram machine, show that the value of the glass transition temperature (Tg) is closely related to the chemical bond in the system. In lead bismuth borate glasses, the addition of more Pb2+ and Bi3+ results in a more dominant ionic bond character in the system and hence decreases Tg of the sample. However, in lead bismuth phosphate glasses, the addition of Pb2+ and Bi3+ not only failed to weaken the covalent character in P–O–P bonds, but strengthened it further, leading to an increment in the values of Tg.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: Faculty of Science
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2739852
Publisher: American Institute of Physics
Keywords: Bismuth; Lead; Thermal properties; Ultrasonic
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2017 11:09
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2017 11:09
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1063/1.2739852
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/57461
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