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Thermal properties of oil palm nano filler/kenaf reinforced epoxy hybrid nanocomposites


Saba, Naheed and Md. Tahir, Paridah and Abdan, Khalina and Ibrahim, Nor Azowa (2016) Thermal properties of oil palm nano filler/kenaf reinforced epoxy hybrid nanocomposites. In: 4th International Conference of Fundamental and Applied Sciences (ICFAS 2016), 15-17 Aug. 2016, Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre, Kuala Lumpur. (pp. 1-8).


The aim of this research study was to fabricate nano oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB)/kenaf/epoxy hybrid nanocomposites and to make comparative study on the thermal properties of nano OPEFB/kenaf/epoxy hybrid nanocomposites with the montmorillonite (MMT)/kenaf/epoxy hybrid nanocomposites and organically modified MMT (OMMT)/kenaf/epoxy hybrid nanocomposites. Epoxy based kenaf hybrid nanocomposites was prepared by dispersing the nano filler (nano OPEFB filler, MMT, OMMT) at 3% loading through high speed mechanical stirrer followed by hand lay-up technique. Thermal properties of hybrid nanocomposites were analyzed through thermogravimetry analyzer (TGA), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Obtained results specified that addition of nano OPEFB filler improves the thermal stability and char yield of kenaf/epoxy composites. Furthermore, the increase in decomposition temperature by the nano OPEFB filler was quite comparable to the MMT/kenaf/epoxy but relatively less than OMMT/kenaf/epoxy hybrid nanocomposites. We concluded from overall consequences that the nano OPEFB filler can be used as the promising and innovative alternative of existing expensive nano filler, with relatively lesser impact on the environment having marked pronounced impact on the construction, automotive, aerospace, electronics and semiconducting sectors as future industries based on bio-wastes with satisfactory light weight and thermal stability on other side.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4968118
Publisher: AIP Publishing
Keywords: Nano OPEFB filler; Thermal stability; Kenaf; Epoxy hybrid nanocomposites
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2017 04:09
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2017 04:09
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1063/1.4968118
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/57352
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