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Semi-fragile digital speech watermarking for online speaker recognition


Nematollahi, Mohammad Ali and Akhaee, Mohammad Ali and Syed Mohamed, Syed Abdul Rahman Al-Haddad and Rosales, Hamurabi Gamboa (2015) Semi-fragile digital speech watermarking for online speaker recognition. EURASIP Journal on Audio, Speech, and Music Processing, 2015 (1). art. no. 31. pp. 1-15. ISSN 1687-4722


In this paper, a semi-fragile and blind digital speech watermarking technique for online speaker recognition systems based on the discrete wavelet packet transform (DWPT) and quantization index modulation (QIM) has been proposed that enables embedding of the watermark within an angle of the wavelet’s sub-bands. To minimize the degradation effects of the watermark, these sub-bands were selected from frequency ranges where little speaker-specific information was available (500–3500 Hz and 6000–7000 Hz). Experimental results on the TIMIT, MIT, and MOBIO speech databases show that the degradation results for speaker verification and identification are 0.39 and 0.97 %, respectively, which are negligible. In addition, the proposed watermark technique can provide the appropriate fragility required for different signal processing operations.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13636-015-0074-5
Publisher: Springer
Keywords: Digital speech watermarking; Discrete wavelet packet transform; Online speaker recognition; Quantization index modulation
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2017 04:04
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2017 04:04
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1186/s13636-015-0074-5
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/56565
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