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Optimizing palm biomass energy though size reduction


Abdul Aziz, Mustafa Kamal and Morad, Noor Azian and Wambeck, Noel and Ismail, Mohd Halim Shah (2011) Optimizing palm biomass energy though size reduction. In: 4th International Conference on Modeling, Simulation and Applied Optimization (ICMSAO 2011), 19-21 Apr. 2011, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. .


Solids oil palm biomass in the form of empty fruit bunches (EFB), palm press fibre (PPF), palm kernel shell (PKS), palm trunks and fronds has been identified as one of the main source of renewable energy with great potential in Malaysia. Recent development in the industry requires proper treatment of the palm biomass so that it generates clean energy. One of the treatment of palm biomass is size reduction since this will remove excess moisture and oil. It is vital to establish the correlations between size of palm biomass on moisture and the calorific values. By modeling and simulation, optimised blends of palm biomass consisting of EFB, PPF and PKS can be mixed to give the maximum power output. The physical and calorific properties of palm biomass were established through experimental work as well as plant data collected in this study. The simulated palm biomass blends through this study was validated with plant data from previous studies. Size reduction reduced moisture content significantly in the oil palm biomass namely EFB from 52 to 40 %. With size reduction, the calorific values of blends can increase by 34% and further improve the Net Energy Availability Value. The study suggests that an optimised blend from the oil palm biomass would further improve the calorific value. Through improved processing technology, the palm oil industry will continue to strive for sustainability development addressing both social and economic aspect simultaneously.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICMSAO.2011.5775516
Publisher: IEEE
Keywords: Biomass blends; Moisture; Palm biomass; Renewable energy; Size reduction
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2017 08:47
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2017 08:47
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1109/ICMSAO.2011.5775516
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/56477
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