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Comparison of soil CO2 efflux in tropical forests of different ages, Peninsular Malaysia


Mande, Kato Hosea and Abdullah, Ahmad Makmom and Aris, Ahmad Zaharin and Nuruddin, Ahmad Ainuddin and Ghadimzadeh, Azadeh and Asgari, Nazanin and Suleman, Nghai Ezekiel and Shamang, Kasham Jummai (2016) Comparison of soil CO2 efflux in tropical forests of different ages, Peninsular Malaysia. International Journal of Agricultural, Forestry & Plantation, 2. pp. 130-145. ISSN 2462-1757


The forest age, environmental abiotic and biotic factors are important in controlling soil CO2 efflux in forest ecosystems, as they play an important role in soil respiration. The aim of this study was to determine the environmental factors associated with each forest age and their impact on the soil CO2 efflux rate. This study was conducted in 10-, 30-, 50- and 70-year-old recovering tropical lowland forests in Peninsular Malaysia, measuring soil CO2 efflux using the continuous open flow chamber technique connected to a multi gas-handling unit and infrared gas analyser. The forest biomass and soil properties were quantified using the Kjeldahl method and Walkley-black wet oxidation technique. The results show that soil CO2 efflux was higher in the 10-year-old forest than the older forests and lowest in the 70-year-old forest. Soil CO2 efflux ranged from 92.09 to 634.78, and 106.77 to 536.00 mg m-2 h-1 between February and June, and September and December for all forests. The higher soil CO2 efflux in the 10-year-old forest was significantly positively correlated with high soil temperature (R=0.96) compared to the spatial and temporal variation in the 30-, 50-and 70-year-old forests. The entire spatial and temporal variation in soil CO2 efflux can be largely accounted for by the soil properties, forest carbon input and environmental factors. In conclusion, soil CO2 efflux, soil properties, microclimate condition and forest biomass varies significantly with forest age. Soil CO2 efflux decreases with forest age, and increases the carbon use efficiency. The environmental factors, dominated by soil temperature, affect soil CO2 efflux substantially.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Environmental Studies
Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products
Publisher: Zes Rokman Resources
Keywords: Biomass; Forest ecosystem; Stand density; Soil carbon; Soil CO2 efflux; Soil temperature
Depositing User: Nabilah Mustapa
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2017 04:52
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2017 04:52
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/55621
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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