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Assessment of using hollow fiber microfiltration in treating lake water


Citation

Megat Mohd Noor, Megat Johari and Mohammad, Thamer Ahmed and Ghazali, Abdul Halim (2016) Assessment of using hollow fiber microfiltration in treating lake water. Desalination and Water Treatment, 57 (48-49). pp. 23232-23245. ISSN 1944-3986; ESSN: 1944-3994

Abstract

The main objective of this study was to determine the reliability of using microfiltration system which is composed of a coagulant such as ferric chloride (pretreatment substance) and hollow fibre membrane as filtering medium for improving water quality. In this study, raw water samples were collected from a lake located at the Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia. The experiments were carried out in three stages: the first stage used distilled water, the second stage used lake water stored in a tank and the third stage used lake water stored in the tank and mixed with ferric chloride as coagulant. A storage tank and a separation tank were used; the storage tank is used to store water pumped from the lake (used in the second stage) while in the third stage, the stored water in tank was used for pretreatment or coagulation with optimum dosage of ferric chloride (determined from jar test). The experimental results show that the flux obtained from second and third stages was low. For lake water stage, the best flux was found to be 4.97 l/m2/h. The distilled water stage shows that shaft rotational speed of peristaltic pump was one of the factors affecting the flux. Therefore, a pump shaft rotational speed of 7 rpm was chosen based on flux and suction pressure. The experimental results show the ability of microfiltration using hollow fibre membrane together with ferric chloride as coagulant to produce treated water with 97% turbidity removal and 85% removal of total suspended solids (TSS). For treated raw water, it is found that the removals of TSS were ranged from 71.7 to 91.6% when alum was used as a coagulant while the TSS removals were ranged from 74.4 to 89.20% when ferric chloride was used as a coagulant. In this study, it is found that the optimum dosages of ferric chloride and alum were 4 and 20 mg/l, respectively. Although the percentage removal of TSS is slightly higher when alum is used as a coagulant compared with using ferric chloride, it is recommended to use ferric chloride as a coagulant due to its economical and health advantages. Furthermore, ferric chloride can be used in wide range of pH values while alum can only be effective when pH value around 7.


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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering
DOI Number: https://doi.org/10.1080/19443994.2015.1133875
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Keywords: Lake water; Treatment; Coagulation; Microfiltration
Depositing User: Nida Hidayati Ghazali
Date Deposited: 15 Dec 2017 09:55
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2019 02:24
Altmetrics: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=psasir.upm.edu.my&doi=10.1080/19443994.2015.1133875
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/55150
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