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Application of effective microorganism (EM) in food waste composting: a review


Ab Muttalib, Siti Aminah and Syed Ismail, Sharifah Norkhadijah and Praveena, Sarva Mangala (2016) Application of effective microorganism (EM) in food waste composting: a review. Asia Pacific Environmental and Occupational Health Journal, 2 (2). pp. 37-47. ISSN 2462-2214


Objective: This paper provides a review on the application of effective microbe (EM) in food waste composting. It emphasized on the application EM in composting method, the EM properties and the quality of compost with EM in terms of nutrient content and heavy metals concentration. Method: This paper reviewed all related articles on EM from 2000 to 2014. All of the articles were searched through Sco-pus and Google Scholar search engines using specific keywords related to the topic. Result: EM has a great potential to be applied on food waste composting as it can accelerate the composting process and reduce odor during the decomposition of organic material. Conclusion: EM has a great potential to be used in accelerating the composting process and increased nutrient in compost. EM controls the temperature and reduces pathogens in the compost to produce good quality of compost. However, detail assessment is needed to assess the effect of EM application on compost quality and the safety for human health.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health Science
Publisher: Environmental and Occupational Health Society
Keywords: Effective microorganisms; Food waste; Nutrient; Heavy metals; Composting
Depositing User: Ms. Nida Hidayati Ghazali
Date Deposited: 28 Dec 2017 10:04
Last Modified: 28 Dec 2017 10:04
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/55100
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