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The role of ubiquitous tools in horizontal and vertical learning


Mohammad Jaki, Mohd Syafiq and Ab Jalil, Habibah and Hassan, Aminuddin and Ismail, Ismi Arif and Abd Rahman, Fadzilah and Krauss, Steven Eric (2009) The role of ubiquitous tools in horizontal and vertical learning. In: International Conference on Educational Research and Practice (ICERP), 10-11 June 2009, Marriot Hotel, Putrajaya. (p. 43).


This paper discusses the role of ubiquitous tools in supporting and affecting horizontal and vertical learning styles in the higher education context. Horizontal learning and vertical learning are imperative, always come together and appear in the learning process. Horizontal learning refers to learning only on the surface while vertical learning requires deeper understanding of what is being learnt. Ubiquitous tools refer to devices that are portable and can be used with greater access, available anywhere and all the time. Typical examples are mobile phones (cellphones or hand phones), smart phones, handheld computers (Personal Digital Assistant or PDAs), laptop computers and other devices. This paper aims to clarify on how the use of ubiquitous tools can enhance learning styles. The advantages of ubiquitous tools can open up new opportunities to access information and knowledge, thus facilitating students' learning. The main issue discussed in this paper is to what extent ubiquitous tools can support horizontal and vertical learning in the university education context.

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Additional Metadata

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: Faculty of Educational Studies
Publisher: Faculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia
Keywords: Horizontal learning; Vertical learning; Ubiquitous tools
Depositing User: Mohd Hafiz Che Mahasan
Date Deposited: 13 Jun 2018 07:29
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2018 07:29
URI: http://psasir.upm.edu.my/id/eprint/54811
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